The bassoon is woodwind instrument and a member of the double reed oboe family. It is the lowest sounding of the woodwind instruments (bassoon literally meaning “bass one”) and has a range of about three and a half octaves. The bassoon is made of wood and has a conical bore. Apart from the mouthpiece which curves out from the instrument towards the player, the bassoon looks straight, however it is actually bend in on itself, making it almost twice as long as it looks. It is said that the bassoon resembles a bunch of sticks which is why the other name for the bassoon is fagott, or fagotto. The bassoon dates from the 1660s and came to prominence as a solo instrument in the 18th century. Vivaldi wrote 39 concertos for the bassoon and Mozart also composed a bassoon concerto. The bassoon in its form didn’t appear until the 19th century. The bassoon is often used for comic effect but it is also very effective for more lyrical and melancholic music. The tone of the bassoon somewhat resembles a bass or baritone voice.