The ukelele is a small plucked string instrument from Hawaii. The term ukelele comes from the Hawaiian for “leaping flea”. It is shaped like a small guitar with four strings typically tuned to G, C, E, and A. The ukelele was patented in Hawaii in 1917, where it became very common and its popularity soon spread to the USA and Europe. The ukelele is easy to learn and has its own special form of notation (tablature). It is often considered more of a toy instrument than a performing instrument but has recently been gaining credibility as ukelele players continue to push the limits of what is possible on the ukelele and continue to develope ukelele technique. The ukelele comes in several sizes including soprano (standard), concert size, tenor, and baritone. It is played by strumming or plucking the strings with the right hand, while the fingers of the left hand stop the strings on a fretboard to produce different notes.